By Lucille H. Campey
This is often the 1st totally documented and specific account, produced lately, of 1 of the best early migrations of Scots to North the US. the coming of the Hector in 1773, with approximately 2 hundred Scottish passengers, sparked a massive inflow of Scots to Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. hundreds of thousands of Scots, frequently from the Highlands and Islands, streamed into the province in the course of the past due 1700s and the 1st 1/2 the 19th century.Lucille Campey strains the method of emigration and explains why Scots selected their various payment destinations in Nova Scotia and Cape Breton. a lot designated details has been distilled to supply new insights on how, why and while the province got here to procure its particular Scottish groups. demanding the generally held assumption that this used to be essentially a flight from poverty, After the Hector unearths how Scots have been being prompted through features, similar to the chance for better freedoms and higher livelihoods.The soreness and turmoil of the later Highland Clearances have forged an extended shadow over previous occasions, making a misunderstanding that every one emigration have been compelled on humans. difficult evidence express that the majority emigration used to be voluntary, self-financed and pursued by means of humans looking ahead to to enhance their fiscal customers. a mix of push and pull elements introduced Scots to Nova Scotia, laying down a wealthy and deep seam of Scottish tradition that maintains to flourish. generally documented with all recognized passenger lists and info of over 300 send crossings, this ebook tells their story."The saga of the Scots who came across a house clear of domestic in Nova Scotia, instructed in an easy, unembellished, no-nonsense kind with a few surprises alongside the way in which. This publication comprises a lot of important curiosity to historians and genealogists."- Professor Edward J. Cowan, collage of Glasgow"...a well-written, crisp narrative that gives an invaluable define of the recognized Scottish settlements as much as the center of the nineteenth century...avoid[s] the sentimental 'victim & scapegoat procedure' to the subject and in its place has supplied an account of the sights and mechanisms of settlement...."- Professor Michael Vance, St. Mary's collage, Halifax
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Extra info for After the Hector: The Scottish Pioneers of Nova Scotia and Cape Breton, 1773-1852
John and Newfoundland. 22 Many Highlanders rushed forward to join in great numbers but some were coerced. Fear of losing men to the American side and a strong sense of urgency that men needed to be found for the new regiment very quickly led the army to resort to strong-arm tactics. "23 Emigrant ships from Scotland were often boarded to find men who wished to "volunteer" for His Majesty's service. Targeted were indentured servants who would have little choice but to accept. 24 So it was a choice between going to war or going to prison and, when they went to war, their conditions were often appalling.
The striking division of Nova Scotia into a Scottish east and an English (mainly New Englander) west, as revealed by the 1871 Census, is a consequence of the timber trade. It was responsible for the large concentrations of Scots to be found in Pictou, Colchester, Antigonish and Guysborough counties in mainland Nova Scotia and throughout most of Cape Breton. These overall patterns tell us, in broad terms, where Scots were concentrated, but they are a composite picture only. They say nothing of the 13 AFTER THE HECTOR individual Scottish communities within these areas.
37 Hearing that there was food to be had in Pictou, fifteen families immediately left Prince Edward Island and 28 The Hector Arrives In 1773 relocated themselves in Pictou. "39 An added benefit of being close to river frontages were the "large tracts of intervale" land which were to be found in the floodplains. 40 River frontages, up to a distance of several miles from Pictou Harbour, were selected as prime colonization sites and were taken by squatting. The Highlanders immediately sought government grants for this land.